Its world malaria day by World Health Organization and many health practitioners have renewed their focus on the deadly scourge of malaria while pledging to fight against the disease. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), over 3 billion people across the world are at risk of contracting malaria with an estimate of over 400,000 death cases in 2015. Statistics show that 89 percent of total cases were domiciled in Sub-Sahara Africa.
But the good news is, a lot of hands are on deck to ensure the menace of malaria is curbed. You’d learn some effective measures to put in place to fight against malaria, and the best ways to prevent contracting the disease.
Facts about Malaria
There is a significant reduction in deaths from malaria from 2000 due to the rise in prevention and control measures.
Malaria is a serious disease and if care is not taken could be fatal. The Anopheles mosquito carries the parasite which also starts its life cycle.
The parasite enters the liver of an infected person to grow and multiply. Afterward, it travels through the bloodstream, infects and destroys red blood cells.
Symptoms of Malaria
- Joint pains
- nausea and vomiting
- Body weakness and aches.
Global awareness and funding campaigns for malaria have continually increased over the years, and more than one billion mosquito nets have been dispersed in Sub-Saharan Africa. The essence of which is to reduce the rate of malaria-related deaths especially amongst children.
Malaria comes from mosquito bites and is the number one killer of children in Sub-Africa with over 1 million people dying from the sickness.
One of the challenges of malaria is the parasite develops resistance to medicine over time, so health practitioners need to be one step ahead and on top of their game in terms of developing new and alternative medicine.
The best way to prevent malaria is to use insecticides which kill the mosquitoes while ensuring that all channels of ventilation are securely blocked. Shut the windows and doors and go for a stroll in the neighborhood or better still you could visit a friend for an hour approximately.
Make use of insecticide-treated mosquito net because when the mosquitoes land on the net, it dies due to the chemical treatment.
It’s important to note that chloroquine doesn’t work well in treating malaria parasite anymore so more research is been undertaken to develop a new medicine to combat malaria. At the moment, artemisinin is really good and people get treated with the drug.
Use of mosquito nets with proper preventive and curative measures and medication has greatly reduced the death rate from malaria in recent times.
However, if you are adequately treated, ensure to use mosquito nets then the anopheles mosquito will simply die after 21 days which is its average lifespan. The mosquitoes transfer malaria parasite when they bite an infected person and later bring it on someone else.
Mosquitoes travel about 2 kilometers averagely, so they could come from another region with the parasite from an infected person. Nevertheless, continuous preventive care would guarantee protection against the disease.
Other common medications for malaria include:
- quinine (Qualaquin),
- mefloquine (Lariam),
If you’re traveling to regions where malaria is common, it’s better to take protective drugs before, during, and after your trip. Care for malaria includes antimalarial drugs for preventive purposes and other medications for treatment.
With the right precautionary steps, malaria would be completely eliminated or drastically reduce especially in sub-Sahara Africa and in other parts of the world.
Are you taking the right preventive measures against malaria? Please, share your thoughts!