A heart attack occurs when an artery becomes blocked.
It prevents oxygen and nutrients from getting to the heart.
This affects the state of the heart if the blood and nutrient flow is not restored.
Heart disease is a disorder of the blood vessels.
A waxy substance called plaque builds up in the coronary (heart) arteries.
This condition is called atherosclerosis and can lead to a heart attack.
The most common warning symptoms of a heart attack for both men and women are:
Chest pain or unease
Upper body unease
Shortness of breath
Breaking out in a cold sweat
Feeling unusually tired sometimes for days
Feeling sick to the stomach and vomiting
Light-headedness or sudden dizziness
Causes of Heart Disease
Smoking is a major risk factor for heart disease in men.
It is probably the most significant risk factor in women, because it reduces a woman’s two best protectors, estrogen and HDL.
For every cigarette smoked the risk of heart attack rises.
Studies in research has shown that smoking increases the chances of a heart attack in geometrical proportions.
It is common knowledge that obesity and heart disease go hand in hand in men.
Being mildly overweight can increase heart attack risk, perhaps more than in men.
A higher percentage of women than men have diabetes.
In both sexes, high blood sugar speeds up hardening of the arteries.
Hence, diabetes is a risk factor for the development of heart disease.
As more women have joined the labour market, they experience more health challenges due to stress.
Researchers have wondered if the stress of working would harm their hearts.
Female clerical workers have a higher rate of heart attack than homemakers.
How to Manage Heart Disease
Sit in no-smoking sections in public places to avoid inhaling smoke.
Maintain ideal weight.
Cut the amount and kinds of fat and cholesterol in your diet.
Have blood cholesterol checked at least once every five years.
Monitor and control blood pressure.
Take active steps to gain a sense of control in life.
Move to plant based foods as diet control.
Minimize refined grains, added salts and sweeteners.
Include some nuts and seed in diet.
Avoid saturated trans fats.
Supplement with vitamin B12
Lastly, always know your weight.
Blood sugar and cholesterol to avoid the attack.
Avoid any detractors from sticking to healthy lifestyle.