First Aid Treatment: A guide for injury and illness
It’s necessary to have some basic knowledge about first aid treatment to maintain your health and wellbeing during an emergency situation. The knowledge of first aid isn’t just applicable at home for family and friends but it extends to the workplace and business environment.
You’d get details about first aid, its importance, and the proper procedure of handling different scenarios as they occur. You’d also learn of the essential items that should be in a first aid box.
But what is first aid?
First aid is the immediate treatment given to a sick or injured person before receiving help through the intervention of a medical practitioner. There are ready-made first aid kits available in chain stores or you could make one yourself. First aid treatment is usually meant for several purposes at home for burns, cut, abrasions, stings, and sprains.
Some other conditions that require first aid include stroke, seizure, wounds and bleeding, poisoning, joint dislocation, muscle cramps, choking.
Importance of First Aid
First aid saves and preserves life because it minimizes the threat of death
It relieves pain
It prevents illness or injury from becoming worse.
It promotes recovery
It protects the unconscious
Essential contents of a first aid kit
Sterile saline water
Plastic bags for disposal
Sterile adhesive dressings
Sterile wet wipes
Procedures for First Aid Treatment
First Aid for bleeding
Bleeding should be controlled the severity notwithstanding as it may result in shock and death in the absence of no proper care.
Cover the injury with gauze and gently apply pressure to stop the blood flow.
Add more layers of gauze or any available material if necessary to enable the formation of clots to stop the bleeding.
Call for help immediately
Keep pressure on the wound until help comes.
First aid for burns
The first thing you need to do while treating a burn is to stop the burning process. Burns could be sustained from chemicals, electricity, or boiling water. After you stop the burn the next step is to treat it.
Don’t use ice on the burn
Place the burned area under cool running water for some minutes
Use a light gauze bandage
Don’t break any blisters on the skin
Take pain relief tablets
First Aid for blisters
You may need to treat blisters on the skin especially when it’s big, unbroken and painful
Use a sterilized needle to make small punctures around the edges of the blister
Express the fluid
Apply antibiotic ointment
First Aid for fractures
Don’t straighten it
Try to stabilize the affected part to keep it immobile.
Avoid unnecessary movement.
Support the injury until you get help.
An accident may occur at home, in the office, at school, laboratories, and work environment so you need to be prepared to manage the situation before full medical treatment by a doctor.
You may opt for the ready-made first aid kit which comes in a box with different compartments and layouts or simply prepare one yourself.
Have you provided First Aid treatment to someone before? How was the experience?
Please share your thought.